St. Theresa of the Child JesusSaint Theresa was born at Alençon in France in 1873. While still a young girl, she entered the Carmelite monastery at.Lisieux. There she lived a life of humility, evangelical simplicity and trust In God. By word and example she taught these virtues to the novices of the community. Offering her life for the salvation of souls and the growth of the Church, she died September 30, 1897.
Holy Guardian AngelsOf the threefold office of the angels—to praise God, to act as his messengers, and to watch over mortal men—this feast emphasizes the third aspect of their ministry. As Psalm 91 states, “For you has he commanded his angels to keep you in all your ways. They shall bear you upon their hands lest you strike your foot against a stone.” This commemoration was introduced into the general calendar in 1608.
St. Francis of AssisiSaint Francis was born at Assisi in 1182. After a carefree youth, he renounced his paternal wealth and committed himself to God. He led a life of evangelical poverty and preached the love of God to all. He established a rule which a number of his companions followed and which gained the approval of the Holy See. Subsequently, he founded an order of nuns and a society of laypersons who practice penance while living in the world. He died in 1226.
Bl. Francis Xavier SeelosBorn in Füssen, Germany in 1819, Francis Xavier Seelos entered the diocesan seminary and, coming to know the charism of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, joined it and was sent to North America. Ordained a priest in 1844, he began his pastoral ministry in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as assistant pastor of his confrere Saint John Neumann, serving also as Master of Novices and dedicating himself to preaching. He became a full-time itinerant missionary preacher, preaching in both English and German in a number of different states. He died in New Orleans, Louisiana, on October 4, 1867.
St. BrunoSaint Bruno was born at Cologne about the year 1035. He was educated at Paris and, after ordination to the priesthood, he taught theology. However, he desired a solitary life and to this end he founded the first Carthusian monastery. When called upon by Pope Urban II, he aided the pontiff in meeting the needs of the Church. He died at Squillace in Calabria in 1101.
Bl. Marie Rose DurocherEulalie Durocher was born in 1811 in Quebec, Canada. In 1843, she was invited by the bishop to found a new congregation of women dedicated to Christian education. Accordingly she founded the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary and took the religious name of Marie Rose. Under her saintly and wise leadership, her community flourished in spite of all kinds of obstacles, including great poverty and unavoidable misunderstandings. She remained unswerving in her concern for the poor. Worn out by her many labors, she died on October 6, 1849, at the age of thirty-eight. She was declared Blessed by Pope John Paul II.
27th Sunday in Ordinary Time
St. Denis and CompanionsSaint Gregory of Tours relates that Saint Denis came to France from Rome in the middle of the third century. He became the first bishop of Paris and suffered martyrdom near that city with two members of his clergy.
St. John LeonardiSaint John Leonardi was born at Lucca in Tuscany in 1541. He studied pharmacy, but he left this profession to become a priest. He preached and taught, seeking especially to instruct boys in Christian doctrine. In 1574 he founded the Order of Clerics Regular of the Mother of God, an undertaking which caused him many hardships. He was also associated with the founding of the first society of priests dedicated to working in foreign missions. Under subsequent popes this small order grew into the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, and for this reason John Leonardi is often called the founder of that society. In addition to these efforts, he restored discipline to different religious congregations by his charity and wisdom. He died at Rome in 1609.
St. John XXIIIThe firstborn son of a farming family in Sotto il Monte, near Bergamo in northern Italy, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was ordained priest in 1904 and, after canon law studies, worked as his bishop’s secretary, Church history teacher in the seminary, and publisher of the diocesan paper. In 1925 he became a papal diplomat, serving in Bulgaria, Turkey, and France. Appointed patriarch of Venice in 1953, he was, a month short of entering his 78th year, elected pope. His most famous encyclicals were Mother and Teacher (1961) and Peace on Earth (1963). Pope John XXIII is perhaps best known for having called the Second Vatican Council. On his deathbed he said: “Those who have lived as long as I have...were enabled to compare different cultures and traditions, and know that the moment has come to discern the signs of the times, to seize the opportunity and to look far ahead.” “Good Pope John” died on June 3, 1963, and was canonized in 2014.
28th Sunday in Ordinary Time
St. Teresa of JesusSaint Teresa was born at Avila in Spain in 1515. She joined the Carmelite Order, made great progress in the way of perfection and enjoyed mystical revelations. When she reformed the Order, she met wIth much resistance, but she succeeded with undaunted courage. She also wrote books filled with sublime doctrine, the fruit of her own spiritual life. She died at Avila in 1582.
St. HedwigSaint Hedwig was born in Bavaria around the year 1174. She married a prince of Silesia and they had seven children. She led a most devoted life, looking after the poor and the sick, and founding hospitals for them. When her husband died, she entered the monastery of Trebnitz and died there in 1243.
St. Margaret Mary AlacoqueSaint Margaret Mary was born in 1647 in the diocese of Autun in France. She joined the Sisters of the Visitation at Paray-le-Monial where she advanced in the life of perfection, and was favored with mystical revelations. She was especially devoted to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and was responsible for spreading that devotion throughout the Church. She died on October 17, 1690.
St. Ignatius of AntiochSaint Ignatius was a successor of Saint Peter as bishop of Antioch. Condemned to death by being thrown to wild animals, he was brought to Rome for execution and was martyred there under the Emperor Trajan in 107. On the journey to Rome he wrote seven letters to different churches. In these he discussed Christ, the structure of the Church and the Christian life in a manner at once wise and learned. At Antioch, this day was observed in his memory as early as the fourth century.
St. LukeSaint Luke was born of a pagan family. Converted to the faith, he became a fellow-worker of the apostle Paul. From Saint Paul’s preaching he compiled one of the gospels. He handed down an account of the beginnings of the Church in another work, the Acts of the Apostles, which tells of events up to the time of Saint Paul’s first sojourn in Rome.
Sts. John de Brebeuf, Isaac Jogues, and CompanionsBetween the years 1642 and 1649 eight members of the Society of Jesus were killed in North America, after fearful torture by members of the Huron and Iroquois tribes. These men had worked hard to bring the natives of that region to the true faith. Saint Isaac Jogues died on October 18, 1647, and Saint John de Brebeuf on March 16, 1648.
St. Paul of the CrossSaint Paul of the Cross was born at Ovada in Liguria in 1694. As a young man he helped his father who was a merchant. However, aspiring to a life of perfection, he left all behind and brought together a group of associates who joined with him in caring for the poor and the sick. After he became a priest, he worked even more earnestly for the salvation of souls by founding homes, exercising apostolic zeal, and afflicting himself with harsh penances. He died at Rome on October 18, 1775.
29th Sunday in Ordinary Time
St. John Paul IICharles Joseph Wojtyla was born in 1920 in Wadowice, Poland. After his ordination to the priesthood and theological studies in Rome, he returned to his homeland and resumed various pastoral and academic tasks. He became first auxiliary bishop and, in 1964, Archbishop of Krakow and took part in the Second Vatican Council. On October 16, 1978, he was elected pope and took the name John Paul II. His exceptional apostolic zeal, particularly for families, young people, and the sick, led him to numerous pastoral visits throughout the world. Among the many fruits which he has left as a heritage to the Church are above all his rich Magisterium and the promulgation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church as well as the Code of Canon Law for the Latin Church and for the Eastern Churches. In Rome on April 2, 2005, the eve of the Second Sunday of Easter (or of Divine Mercy), he departed peacefully in the Lord.
St. John of CapistranoSaint John was born in Capistrano in the Abruzzi in 1386. He studied law at Perugia and for a time was governor of that city. He entered the Order of Friars Minor and, after ordination to the priesthood, he led an untiring apostolic life preaching throughout Europe both to strengthen Christian life and to refute heresy. He died at Villach in Austria in 1456.
St. Anthony Mary ClaretSaint Anthony Claret was born at Sallent in Spain in 1807. After being ordained priest he traveled many years through Catalonia preaching to the people. He founded a society of missionaries and, after being named a bishop in Cuba, he won renown for his pastoral zeal. After returning to Spain, he continued to work for the Church. He died at Fontfroide in France in 1870.
30th Sunday in Ordinary Time